GIANINE TABJA
WITH THE FUTURE BEHIND The conception and image of the world in the Andean cosmovision (worldview) considers nature, humans and Pachamama (The Mother Earth), as a whole perpetually related in which human beings do not have dominion over nature but seek to coexist in harmony. The Aymaras (indigenous group that lived in the Andean Highlands Peru, Chile and Bolivia) have a different concept of time and a different way of placing it in the space. The cognitive scientist Rafael E. Nuñez and the linguist Eve Sweetser researched the spatial construals of time in the Aymara language where they showed evidence of the different sense of the passage of time. Aymaras place time in a totally different way from other languages: the past is in front of them and the future is placed behind. (Laura Spinney 2005). The past is what they know and they can see, so it is placed in front of their eyes. The future is the unknown so it is placed behind them. For the linguist George Lakoff, the Aymaras construals of time may not affect everything, but it may affect a lot of important things. For instance, you are probably not going to get the same metaphors for progress. For the past two centuries the myth of the future reached its peak, becoming something more than an implicit belief: it was a true faith, based on the concept of ‘progress’, the ideological translation of the reality of economic growth (Franco ‘Bifo’ Berardi, 2011). The Aymaras live under other construal of time. Their ideas of progress and the way they relate to the world becomes different but not less. This is the documentation of a performance as a gesture-action in relation to this reading and research. Crossing the Clyde River in Glasgow by the bridge north to south walking backwards. I was carrying a ceramic container as a shield in front of me. This container was full of sand that started falling through a hole while I was walking backwards towards south...towards the future. The performance was documented in photos and video.